Disaster Mitigation and Management

Main Block of Hallmark Businsess School

OBJECTIVES:

UNIT I - INTRODUCTION

Difference between hazards and disaster -Types of disasters-Phases of disaster management – Hazards – Classification of hazards – Hazards affecting buildings – Building safety against hazards – Floods – Cyclone – Landslides -Tsunami – Fire.

UNIT II - EARTHQUAKE DISASTER

Earthquake hazard map -Causes of earthquakes -Classification of earthquakes -Seismic waves – Energy release – Inertia forces – Natural period – Resonance – Damping -Seismic response of free vibration -Seismic response of damped vibration -Performance of ground and buildings in past earthquakes-Earthquake resistant measures in RC and masonry buildings – Potential deficiencies of RC and masonry buildings.

UNIT III - OTHER DISASTERS

Landslides-Landslide zoning map – Causes -Protection measures Floods -Flood zone map – Effects on buildings -Protection measures from damage to buildings -Mitigation strategies -Tropical cyclones – Effects on buildings -Protection measures from damage to buildings – Tsunami – Tsunami wave characteristics -Peculiarities of tsunami deposits -Tsunami impact on coastal lines- Effects of Tsunami on built structures – Fire disaster – Causes and effects of fire disaster – Preventive mechanism.

UNIT IV - HAZARD ASSESSMENT

Visual inspection and study of available documents -Detailed in-situ investigation planning and interpretation of results-Foundation capability -Non-structural components – Seismic strengthening of buildings –Repairs, restoration and strengthening of existing buildings – Strengthening materials -Retrofitting of load bearing wall buildings – Retrofitting of RC Buildings-RVS method of screening – RC and masonry structures -Seismic hazard assessment – Deterministic seismic hazard analysis – PSHA.

UNIT V - LAND USE ZONING REGULATIONS , QUALITY CONTROL AND DISASTER MANAGEMENT POLICY

Introduction-Community planning – Community contingency plan – Report building and initial awareness – Recommendations for land use zoning regulations – Construction quality control – Evolution of quality management -Reasons for poor construction -Construction of quality control in masonry structures – Disaster management policy and procedure -Legal frame work – Institutional mechanism – Schemes and grants on DM – Recommendation of 13th finance commission -Plan schemes – Non plan schemes – Externally aided schemes Role of NDRF in Disaster Management – Medical First Responder – Flood Rescue &Relief Management.

Outcomes:

On successful completion of the course, students will be able to

  1. Understand the various types of disaster viz hydrological, coastal and marine disasters, atmospheric disasters, geological, mass movement and land disasters, wind and water driven disasters.
  2. To identify the potential deficiencies of existing buildings for eq disaster and suggest suitable remedial measures.
  3. Derive the guide lines for the precautionary measures and rehabilitation measures for eq disaster.
  4. Understand the effects of disasters on built structures.
  5. Derive the protection measures against floods, cyclone and land slides.
  6. Understand the hazard assessment procedure.
  7. Get the awareness regarding landuse zoning regulations &quality control.

Text Books

  1. Annual Report, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India, 2009-10
  2. Ayaz Ahmad, “Disaster Management: Through the New Millennium” Anmol Publications, 2003
  3. Berg.GV, “Seismic Design codes and procedures”, EERI, CA,1982
  4. Booth, Edmund, “Concrete Structures in earthquake regions; Design and Analysis”, Longman, 1994
  5. Dowrick. D.J, “Earthquake resistant design for Engineers and Architects”, John Wiley & Sons, Second Edition, 1987.
  6. Ghosh G.K. “Disaster Management”, A.P.H. Publishing Corporation, 2006
  7. Goel, S. L. “Encyclopaedia of Disaster Management”, Deep & Deep Publications Pvt Ltd.,2006
  8. Jaikrishna & A.R.Chandrasekaran, “Elements of Earthquake Engineering”, Sarita Prakashan, Meerut,1996
  9. Singh R.B, “Disaster Management”, Rawat Publications, 2008
  10. Thirteenth Finance Commision Report, Ministry of Finance, Government of India, 2010-15

Course Reference

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